The Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) system
was launched in Italy
in 2009, at the same time when it was implemented in all European Union’s member states. According to the European Parliament and Council, the EORI system
is an effective way of controlling each company involved in trading activities
across Europe, including foreign companies registered outside the EU.
The EORI number
consists of an unique identification code which will be issued by the Italian Customs Authorities
companies carrying out intra-Community supplies of goods
. The EORI registration system
was created with the purpose of providing easy access and this is why it is organized at the level of each EU country and at a European level. Our team of Italian lawyers
can assist local and foreign businessmen with more information concerning the registration of an EORI number.
How to obtain an EORI number in Italy
Companies operating in Italy
and which are involved in trading activities
must register with the EORI system
and apply for an EORI number
. This must be concluded prior to starting their trading operations in Italy
. Under the Italian EORI registration system
, applicants will be issued an exclusive number
which will have a maximum length of 15 characters
and will have Italy’s country code (IT)
The EORI number in Italy
resembles with the system of the Italian VAT number
, with the purpose of easing the registration procedure. After obtaining an EORI number
, the designated number
must be included on all the customs declarations
of the Italian companies
involved in trading activities
Any Italian operator
involved in import-export activities
is required to respect the same procedures and this is also available for Italian sole traders
. Our law firm in Italy
will provide you with information related to the EORI registration procedure
available for a
Businessmen involved in trading activities in Italy
should know that the EORI number
can also be requested when performing import-export activities
with the following countries: Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Iceland, Jersey, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Moldova, Norway and Switzerland
. Our lawyers in Italy
can offer legal assistance on other regulations that can be applied when trading
with any of the above mentioned states.
It is also important to know that businesses performing trading activities at an international level will need to complete the Single Administrative Document (SAD), which is a compulsory tool when importing products outside the Community area and which is used as a detailed presentation regarding the goods imported in the EU area.
What are the documents needed for EORI registration in Italy?
The application for EORI registration in Italy
must be submitted with the local Customs Agency (Agenzia delle Dogane)
before or when performing the first cross-border operation
. Our team of Italian lawyers
can provide information and legal advice on the documents that are necessary for the issuance of the EORI number in Italy
, which are represented by the following:
a prescribed application form and a passport or other valid identification papers - if the applicant is a natural person (the document must be submitted in original);
in the case of Italian or foreign companies, aside from the specific application form, it is needed to provide a document stating the company’s identification data issued by the Italian Companies Register or the relevant trade register from the company’s resident country (in original);
it is also compulsory to provide the applicant’s passport or valid ID (the person representing the applicant company);
a power of attorney
, if the application is submitted by a representative, a situation which can be handled through our Italian law firm
What is the law on EORI number in Italy in 2021?
The legislation regulating the EORI number
and the issuance and assignment of EORI number
to economic operators in Italy
is given by the EU’s regulations, which were implemented at a national level in this country. Our team of Italian lawyers
can provide in-depth information on the main procedures and requirements stipulated under the following:
- the EORI system was implemented at a European level under the Regulation (EEC) No. 2913/92;
- the legislation was further amended by the European Parliament and the European Council, under the Regulation (EC) No. 648/2005;
- the Regulation No 312/2009 stipulates the manner in which the EU member states must assign the EORI number to economic operators;
- the above mentioned regulation stipulates that the EORI number can be created from an alpha numeric code of maximum 15 characters;
- regardless of the country where the code is issued, each EORI number must contain the 2 ISO code associated with each EU member state;
- in the case of economic operators that are not established in the EU area, the issuance of the EORI number will be done following the provisions of the Regulation (EEC) 2454/1993, Article 41.
The law on the issuance of the EORI number has been maintained throughout the years, but in 2021 a new rule appeared, as the United Kingdom (UK) exited the European Union (EU), a structure that Italy is a part of. Thus, from 1st of January 2021, companies which have trading relations with the UK (moving goods from and to UK) must have an EORI number, and they have to obey a new set of administrative rules and customs procedures. Such rules are applied under The Border with the European Union – Importing and Exporting Goods.
What is the data required for the issuance of an Italian EORI number?
The issuance of an EORI number in Italy
falls under the supervision of the Agenzia delle Dogane
. The applicants, who can be natural persons or legal entities, have to complete a standard registration form. The form contains information on the applicant’s details, the type of legal personality it has, contact details and data registered with the Register of Companies
, if applicable.
Some of the basic information applicants should prepare refers to the following: the country of residence of the applicant, the VAT number – this is required only as long as the applicant is an Italian tax resident
, the taxpayer ID number (necessary only in the case of Italian natural persons
) and the community VAT codes - where applicable, and the name of the company.
Another section of the application is addressed only to natural persons, and information regarding the person’s identity will be required (name, address, the city of residence and others). The form will also require the person to complete the NACE code under which he or she develops a commercial activity; our team of lawyers in Italy
can provide more information on the NACE codes available here.
The next section of the form is addressed to applicants from third party countries, while the latter section, D, refers only to data registered with the Register of Companies (if the applicant is a legal entity). The Section D can also refer to the personal data of natural persons, if the EORI number is requested by individuals.
Once the Italian authorities have issued the EORI number to local economic operators, such information will be stored in a national database. Each EU member state has the legal obligation to send its EORI database to the Central Services of the European Commission, which stores the EORI databases from all EU member states, including Italy.
The European institution can also publish the information concerning the EORI number assigned to a specific economic operator in any of the EU member state, but only as long as if the respective economic operators have given their consent with regards to the publication of their information, on matters such as: the assigned EORI number, the company’s trading name or the address of the company/natural person. The same regulation is applicable for economic operators assigned with an EORI number that are registered outside the EU.
When is the EORI number necessary in Italy?
The EORI number
is required in the case of any economic operator that is involved in trading activities
, as we presented earlier. The EORI number
is required when dealing with the customs procedures
available in each country, in matters such as: lodging customs declarations
at the level of the EU, submitting and lodging papers such as the Exit Summary Declaration
or the temporary storage declaration
. The EORI number
can also necessary when dealing with transportation of products by sea
, air or inland waterways.
Please note that the EORI number in Italy
can be assigned immediately, as long as the applicant submits the necessary paperwork required by the local authorities. Our law firm in Italy
can offer more information on the full list of documents that can be required here, based on the legal personality of the applicant.
If you need assistance with the EORI registration
application, you can contact our attorneys in Italy
; our Italian law firm
can assist with advice on how to fill in and submit the standard form requested by the Agenzia delle Dogane
, depending on the type of entity that will apply for the EORI number
(natural person or legal entity).