The legal requirements for living in Italy depend on the citizenship of the applicant. EU citizens are not required to apply for a visa when coming to Italy, while non-EU citizens must apply for a visa if they intend to stay in the country for over 90 days. In 2007, the Italian residency permit has been replaced by the declaration of presence. The declaration of presence is obtained by submitting an application with the police headquarters (Questura) eight days prior to the arrival in Italy.
According to the legislation, any individual staying in Italy for more than three months is considered a resident. Foreigners working in Italy, students enrolled for a full year in an university and those simply wishing to relocate to the country are considered residents. The types of Italian residence permits they can apply for are:
The EC residence permit was enabled in 2007 and the main distinction between the old and the new Italian residence permit is that the EC permit is permanent. Non-EU citizens may apply for residency in Italy after legally living in Italy for over five years, while EU citizens may apply if intending to live in the country for over three months. The application must be submitted with the municipal office and must contain the following documents:
All documents must be translated into Italian by a certified translator and then legalized. Depending on the applicant’s nationality, other documents may be requested when applying for residency in Italy.
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